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The wild tiger population in the world has declined by more than 98% in the past 200 years; the present tiger population of 3,643 is only 5% of the population a century ago. Concerned by this sharp decline of an iconic animal of the Asian tropical forests, the heads of government of 13 tiger range countries conferred at the International Tiger Forum in St Petersburg, Russia in 2010. In the meeting they expressed a written commitment to double the wild tiger population by 2022 in an attempt to protect this endangered species from extinction.
Research in Bangladesh has found that a quarter of children need more than single doses of the measles vaccine to be protected against the disease. This research supports the country’s recent move to a double-dose approach. Measles affects 20 million people and kills about 242,000 people worldwide each year. It is the fifth largest cause of death globally among children below five years of age and, in the absence of proper immunization, it spreads quickly in a population. In 2005, the number of measles cases in Bangladesh was about 25,935. This decreased to approximately 2,660 cases in 2008 after the Measles Catch-up Campaign. But research in Bangladesh has shown that immunization programmes based on single doses of the vaccine are not sufficient.
INASP has awarded Open Access Week grants to raise awareness of open access opportunities for researchers in Cuba, El Salvador, Ghana, Hondurus, Kenya, Nepal, Nigeria, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. This year a total of 10 institutions have been awarded a grant of $500 each to support their Open Access Week (23-29 October 2017) plans. As in previous years, the Open Access Week competition is jointly sponsored by UNESCO and INASP.
Blood donation is a vital life-saving process but low awareness about the importance of blood donation can impact the safe and adequate supply of blood in hospitals. A research article published in the Update Dental College Journal (UpDCJ) found a positive attitude to blood donation among the donors in Bangladesh but a big disparity between male and female, as well as some knowledge gaps about blood donation. The study was conducted at the transfusion medicine department of National Institute of Neurosciences & Hospital in Dhaka from January to December 2015 to assess awareness, knowledge and practice of blood donation among donors.
Abortion is legally permitted in Sri Lanka in cases where it could save the life of the mother. However, in a recent study only 10% of people surveyed were aware of the legal provision that allows abortion where it could save the life of the mother.
The Journal Publishing Practices and Standards (JPPS) framework from INASP and AJOL provides accreditation and support for journals in the Global South
INASP is leading a new area of work to help young people in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda to use their skills and ideas to tackle social and economic problems. The new Transforming Employability for Social Change in East Africa (TESCEA) partnership will design curricula emphasizing critical thinking and problem-solving skills, and design an open online course on teaching for problem-solving that enhances graduate employability.
The Environmental Protection Agency in Ghana will work to improve the use of knowledge in policy with support from INASP and Politics & Ideas
Changing life-style in urban areas is increasing the risk of heart diseases. Recent research done in an urban population of Nepal's capital Kathmandu to assess their risk factors to cardio vascular diseases has found that the risk factors are high. The research studied the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors - insufficient physical exercise, high waist circumference, obesity, hypertension, tobacco consumption, dyslipidaemia such as abnormal amounts of lipids (e.g. cholesterol) in the blood and diabetes - in a randomly selected sample size of 130 in densely populated urban Kathmandu.
Organisms causing urinary tract infections (UTI) are increasingly proving to be ineffective or showing resistance to drugs that are used to kill the germs. This phenomenon has been increasing worldwide, especially to commonly used antimicrobials (drugs) in children. In a recent study in Bangladesh, scientists warn that urinary tract pathogens are developing resistance to antibiotics and they highly recommend sensitivity tests before prescribing any antibiotic.